The Diffusion of Western Loanwords in Contemporary Japanese Aimi Kuya(久屋愛実著) ひつじ書房 The Diffusion of Western Loanwords in Contemporary Japanese:A Variationist Approach Aimi Kuya(久屋愛実著) ひつじ書房

Hituzi Linguistics in English No.30

The Diffusion of Western Loanwords in Contemporary Japanese:
A Variationist Approach

Aimi Kuya(久屋愛実著)

菊判上製カバー装 248頁 定価12600円+税

ISBN 978-4-89476-949-6

ブックデザイン 白井敬尚形成事務所




List of Tables
List of Figures
List of Abbreviations

chapter 1 Borrowing with Interest
1.1 Western loanwords as new alternatives to existing lexical items
1.2 Purpose and structure of this study

chapter 2 Loanwords in Contemporary Japanese
2.1 Lexical strata in Japanese
2.2 History of loanwords in Japanese
2.3 Types of loanwords in focus
2.4 Previous approaches to loanwords, and their limitations
 2.4.1 Quantitative lexicology
 2.4.2 Corpus linguistics
 2.4.3 Sociolinguistics

chapter 3 Data and Analytical Method: Analyzing Lexical Variation
3.1 Nationwide opinion surveys on loanwords
3.2 BCCWJ: a written corpus
3.3 CSJ: a spoken corpus
3.4 Complementary use of different sources of data
3.5 S-curve model of language change
3.6 Issues of extending variationist methodology to lexical variation

chapter 4 Age as an External Factor
4.1 Apparent-time approach to language change
4.2 Opinion surveys
4.3 Distribution according to gender
4.4 Distribution according to age
4.5 Delay in loanword diffusion among the youngest age group(s)
4.6 Developing an s-curve model
4.7 Predicting change based on apparent-time distributions
4.8 Patterns of loanword diffusion in apparent time

chapter 5 Other External Factors: Gender, Education, Register, and Style
5.1 Establishing trends in loanword distribution according to social and stylistic factors
5.2 Using BCCWJ and CSJ as synchronic corpora
5.3 Selecting potential lexical variables
5.4 Analysis of the written corpus (BCCWJ)
5.5 Analysis of the spoken corpus (CSJ)
5.6 Summary of the factor-by-factor analyses

chapter 6 Incorporating Internal and External Factors into Analysis: A Case Study of Keesu (< Case)
6.1 Towards a more fine-grained analysis of lexical variation
6.2 Identifying envelope of variation
6.3 Keesu in BCCWJ
 6.3.1 Internal factors: syntactic structure and co-occurring predicate
 6.3.2 External factors: year of birth, gender, education, register, and genre
 6.3.3 Multivariate analysis
6.4 Additional analysis: keesu in CSJ
6.5 Sociolinguistically asymmetric distributions of keesu

chapter 7 Stylistic Constraints on Lexical Choice: A Case Study of Sapooto (< Support)
7.1 Elucidating the impact of style on lexical choice
7.2 Previous studies on style
7.3 The National Survey on Attitudes to Loanwords II (NINJAL 2005a)
7.4 Effect of age, education, gender, and style
7.5 Predicting the diffusion of sapooto in a multi-dimensional space
7.6 Motivations for switching from or to the loanword
7.7 Elaborate process of loanword diffusion across different styles

chapter 8 Loanword Diffusion in Real Time
8.1 The apparent-time hypothesis revisited
8.2 Using interview- and corpus-based data in diachronic analyses
8.3 Examining the variability of the community overall
8.4 Examining the variability of the individual speakers
8.5 Patterns of loanword diffusion in real time
 8.5.1 Change with no acceleration/deceleration
 8.5.2 Accelerated change
 8.5.3 Decelerated change
 8.5.4 Reversed change
8.6 Towards more precise predictions of change

chapter 9 General Summary and Discussion
9.1 Identyfying variation on a lexical level
9.2 Socially structured nature of lexical variation
9.3 Language attitudes and linguistic behavior
9.4 Demonstration of change in real time
9.5 Actuation problem of loanword diffusion
9.6 Prospects for further research

Dictionaries & Corpora
Summary in Japanese

久屋愛実(くや あいみ)


Aimi Kuya is Lecturer in Sociolinguistics and English at Matsuyama University, Japan. She developed her interest in the relationship between language and society during a year as an exchange student at Seoul National University in South Korea, when she was studying Sociology for a B.A. at Kyushu University, Japan. She read Linguistics for her M.Phil. and D.Phil. (Ph.D.) at the University of Oxford, UK. Her current research interests include language variation and change.

Main academic article:
・Acoustic Distinctions between Final Rises in Statements and Declarative Questions in Belfast English: A Corpus-based Study of Intonation. English Corpus Studies, 23 (2016).